One of the keys to the success of koi farmers is to create a clean environment, especially in the pond and water. The condition of the koi pond greatly influences the life of koi. Koi that have a pool with clear water will be freer to swim and stress-free, while those who have turbid water will be the opposite. There are various maintenance techniques that can be done by koi breeders, one of which uses koi pond filters. You can visit our website to find out about koi fish care.
Water is a substance that is difficult to maintain. Even the clear water sometimes will quickly become cloudy if there are objects that enter. Here is the function of the pool filter, the koi pond filter can be maximized to produce crystal clear water and free of chemical pollutants. There are several ways that can be used to bring a pool filter to your koi. The practical way is to buy directly at the store or by making your own. Making your own fish pond filter is not difficult if you know filtering techniques and important elements for creating a good pool filter.
1. Biological Filtration
This technique is claimed to be the safest screening technique and does not make our koi fish become stressed. Basically, we will use specific bacteria and water plants as filter media. These specific bacteria are known as “Bacteria Biological Filters” which function to break down toxic chemicals from fish feces and food scraps. The bacteria that are used are not only one according to the stages of the water filtration process. In the early stages, we will use Nitrosomonas which is a nitrifying bacteria which has the function of breaking down ammonia from impurities into nitrite. In the next stage, we need Nitrobacter to convert nitrite to nitrate. This nitrate will eventually be disrupted as a food source for aquatic plants. The function of aquatic plants is here as a nitrate absorbent medium which basically cannot be processed perfectly by the bio chamber in the process of water nitrification.
Placement of the right water plant in the biological filtration system is in the last chamber before clean water enters the pond. For the type of water plant used as a filter for koi ponds, you can use jasmine water, butterfly leaves, and water hyacinth. For water hyacinth, you might need to think about the amount and the problem of water hyacinth, it absorbs oxygen in the water as well.
2. Mechanical Filtration Techniques
For koi pond filters that use mechanical filtration techniques, you need to create a system that is capable of flowing water with several turns and the use of gravity. At first, you have to make water flow through a separate chamber that can remove solid particles by utilizing gravity. Then form a cyclone system/vortex unit that can rotate water and carry solids trapped in the middle. After that, prepare the baffle plates and fibers in your filter, this slab will slow the water and the fibers will filter the water.